|Published online: March 28, 2014||$US5.00|
Over seventy percent of food consumed in Nigeria is processed traditionally; however, the technologies employed are characterized with loss of valuable nutrients during production, low yield, value addition, and many other attributes. Regrettably, developments of food industries are hampered with inappropriate technologies for traditional food production, inadequate working capital, poor management, low profit margin, and low acceptability of the product. There is, therefore, a need for upgrading the widely accepted traditional technologies employed for food processing. This paper reviews the various methods that have been proposed for upgrading traditional technologies for cassava (Manihot escluenta crantz) processing. It is the one of the most important staple foods in Africa, and the processing for human consumption has been estimated to be sixty-five percent of the total production. Among its major traditional products are gari (fermented meal), lafun (cassava flour), and fufu (cassava gruel). The development and promotion of high-quality and value-added cassava products are vital in response to the changing market and consumer preferences amid recent trends in economic development and globalization, as well as the expanding population. Improved processing technologies include the vibrating sieve, abrasive peeler, motorised grater, drum drier, and screw-jack. However, significant relationships exist between the use of improved technologies for processing and age (X2 = 7.15, p= 0.05), educational status (X2= 5.80, p= 0.05), sex (X2= 12.20, p= 0.05), and type of technology utilized. The conclusion is drawn on the tremendous success and other advantages derived from the system on the flexibility of the technology and the improvement in the yield.
|Keywords:||Nigeria, Traditional Technologies, Cassava|
Head of Department, Department of Home Economics and Food Science, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Kwara, Nigeria
Assistant Lecturer, Department of Home Economics and Food Science, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Kwara, Nigeria
Head of Department, Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Kwara, Nigeria