|Published online: December 7, 2015||$US5.00|
Attaining food security in its totality continues to be a challenge for many nations in the world. Food security is a situation in which all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active healthy life. It is affected by a complexity of factors. Moiben location in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya is classified among the high agricultural potential areas yet families experience seasonal food scarcity. A study to investigate the challenges and opportunities faced by small-scale farmers for sustainable food security was conducted in Moiben location. The study established that small-scale farmers had challenges in ensuring sustainable household food security as reflected in low socioeconomic status characterized by low literacy levels, irregular income due to dependence on farming, and low asset base. It was also established that environmental changes resulting from poor land use as well as cultural structure were a challenge to household food security. However, technology was an opportunity in ensuring household food security as well as socioeconomic factors such as ownership of land and livestock. The study recommends that the food security policy should be reviewed so as to come up with appropriate guidelines for ensuring household food security across all level of the vulnerable groups.
|Keywords:||Small-scale Farmers, Household Food Security, Sustainability|
Assistant Professor, School of Agriculture & Biotechnology, University of Eldoret, Eldoret, Kenya
High School Teacher, Home Economics, Teachers Service Commission, Eldoret, Kenya
Assistant Professor, Adult Health Nursing, College of Nursing, Prairie View A & M University, Houston, TX, USA